Editor’s Note 4/12/11: I’ve made a few corrections to this story. First, the e-seal is a male, and is about 700 pounds. Males migrate from the north and as far as the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.
A northern elephant seal male who migrated from his Aleutian Island feeding site, recently arrived and hauled out at the Piedras Blancas rookery. He may choke to death from our trash.
A Friends of the Elephant Seal docent discovered the approximate seven-foot, 700-pound male this week on the beach with a green packing strap around her neck. The docent called the Marine Mammal Center for rescue –but there’s a challenge. Because the male is one of thousands of other molting northern elephant seals, it’s unsafe to attempt to cut the strangling strap from his neck. He must be isolated from other seals. This requires good luck, hope and patience.
Once again, our trash– and much of it plastic–which will not break down, threatens the well-being of another marine mammal by entanglement.
It’s ironic that the northern elephant seal’s worst nightmare was the human mammal–not its natural predators the great white shark and orca. In the 1800s oil hunters slaughtered nearly the entire northern elephant seal population for the oil rendered from their blubber. A fully mature male (from fourteen to sixteen feet long and weighing up to 2 1/2 tons), for example, would render about 200 gallons of high-grade oil used for lamps and makeup. By the late 1800s, scientists deemed the northern elephant seal extinct.
Fortunately, as I usually mention when I discuss this as a docent for Friends of the Elephant Seal at the Piedras Blancas rookery, there is always an elephant seal in the water–they don’t haul out at the same time. Consequently, a small colony survived on Guadalupe Island off of Baja California. But unfortunately, the northern elephant seal population suffered a genetic bottleneck and today’s population is without genetic diversity.
The population appears healthy, but without genetic diversity combined with the warming and more acidic ocean waters, marine biologists remain concerned.
Burney Le Boeuf, a professor emeritus of biology at UC Santa Cruz, told KQED Public Media in San Francisco “(Northern elephant seals) tend to do the same thing over and over again, and if that’s true, that means that as the ocean changes, they’re not necessarily going to be changing with it. We’re not sure that they have the ability to adapt to the changing environments…We know that elephant seals have a much more difficult time foraging when the weather is warm and they gain less weight…I would say that to the extent that global warming is making the oceans warmer, this could have serious implications for elephant seal foraging, as well as many other marine mammals because what it leads to is a redistribution of the prey.”
Warming ocean waters appear to already impact another north-south migrating marine mammal, the California gray whale. Both their Arctic food source and increased orca predation may be a factor in the gray whale’s apparent population reduction. The same predation changes correlating with the change in ocean temperatures is another possible threat to the northern elephant seal, which already is a prime meal for the orca. I make this statement because these changes in the oceans are likely human caused.
So will the northern elephant seal female with a green plastic wrapping strap survive? If Marine Mammal Center volunteers cut the plastic strapping away, he probably will, but his future remains guarded. The human mammal still remains his most dangerous foe.
Other recent northern elephant seal news: Elephant Seal Mystery Solved. Freelance writer Christine Heinrichs, also a Friends of the Elephant Seal docent, reports of the cold-blooded murder of three elephant seals in 2008.
For a behind the story look, read Christine’s blog: Elephant Seals
Other entangled northern elephant seals from different locations.