Marine Mammals on NMFS “Take” List for Seismic Survey


Opinion

by

Charmaine Coimbra

Neptune 911’s mission is to bring information about the oceans to the everyday-person—persons like me.  It’s goal is to help us understand how what we do affect the ocean’s well being and that an unhealthy ocean portends poorly upon our own health.

Oceans are not vast wastelands, but one of the driving forces of planetary survival. Thank the oceans for every other breath you take, for food, climate regulation, medicine, recreation, economy and transportation.

The ocean is a living space that dominates the planet.  And like the land we walk across and build our homes upon, geologic fault lines run thru the sea’s bottom.

And that’s the subject of this blog—an inconvenient truth that highlights the assumed wisdom of the construction of a nuclear power plant (Diablo Canyon Power Plant) along the Pacific west coast  just outside of San Luis Obispo, CA, commissioned in 1985.  The Hosgri fault lies about three miles offshore from the nuclear powered plant. The San Andreas fault keeps rocking just 45 miles east of the plant.  The Hosgri fault churned up a 7.1 earthquake  in 1927.   But a recent discovery of another fault line The Shoreline Fault (shown in the adjoining illustration), really rattled geologists, engineers and the community, as a whole, regarding the overall safety of “El Diablo,” as some activists refer to the power plant.

On paper, the nuclear powered plant reads well-engineered and prepared for a likely earthquake of 7.5 magnitude, and adequately placed above the reach of a possible tsunami.  That was until the devastation of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant following the  largest earthquake in Japan’s history on March 11, 2011.

This summer, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), owners of the central coast nuclear power plant, began “low energy” seismic exploration  to better understand the faulting along the ocean’s real estate that could impact the power plant.

Seismic testing.  Forgive me for quoting WiseGeek as a preamble to where this blog is headed:  Seismic-induced waves inflict heavy damage on the environment, especially on marine life. The heavy sounds and vibrations can cause permanent damage to marine animals. Such testing can also cause damage to tourist spots such as Florida and California.

The decibel level to shatter glass is over 100dB.  So a jackhammer at 95 db would just irritate nearby neighbors and not shatter their wine glasses.  A jet engine produces about 140dB.  Hearing tissue dies at 180 dB (that means the 150dB at a rock concert won’t kill your hearing tissues, that much).

Here’s what PG&E proposes  as reported by Dan Bacher for the Daily Kos: According to a PG&E representative at an informational meeting, the proposal calls for a 240-foot ship to tow a quarter-mile wide array of twenty 250 decibel “air cannons,” along a 90-mile stretch of California’s Central Coast. The cannons will shoot deafening underwater explosions once every twenty seconds, day and night, for 42 days and nights.  The region of California’s Center where this devastating assault on wildlife is expected to take place includes the “protected” Point Buchon State Marine Reserve.

I underlined “250 decibel.”

Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey off the Central Coast of California, November to December, 2012,” is an interesting National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) document that reviews the survey specifics as related to local marine mammals and marine life.

The 116-page report bounces like a seismic blast from “To avoid the potential for injury, NMFS (1995, 2000) concluded that cetaceans and pinnipeds should not be exposed to pulsed underwater noise at received levels exceeding 180 and 190 dB re 1 μPa (rms), respectively,” to (paraphrased in my own non-scientific language) promising that every precaution and stopgap protection of any and all marine life will take place at all times, to the very title of the document “Takes of Marine Mammals…” a listing of possible “takes” of marine life.

Here’s the list as noted on the Daily Kos:

One Minke Whale,

2 Sperm Whales,

5 Dwarf Sperm Whales,

15 Blue Whales and

97 California Gray Whales,

25 Fin Whales,

13 Humpback Whales,

a single Short-Finned Pilot Whale,

3 Baird’s Beak,

7 Killer Whales,

8 Striped Dolphins,

8 Small Beaked Whales,

81 Dall’s Porpoise,

82 Long-Beaked Dolphins,

98 Risso’s Dolphins,

114 Northern Right Whale Dolphins,

198 Pacific White-Sided Dolphins,

1,652 Bottlenose Dolphins,

1,834 Short-Beaked Dolphi,

76 Harbor Seals,

1,062 California Sea Lions,

1,485 Southern Sea Otters,

(and) untold sea turtles of several varieties, numerous fish and bird species and the next generation sea life including nearly 4 million larva of all types.”

The power company has even set up a claims process to compensate the local fishery industry and business that may suffer financial loss due to the seismic testing.

Neptune 911 reported on the proposal earlier this year.  The testing has begun at lower levels and the fallout has finally struck what I earlier feared to be a complacent community.

Taking on corporate energy giants like PG&E is a task as intimidating as the San Andreas Fault line.  It is a Jonah and the whale, or a David and Goliath sized challenge.

We all use energy.  It took maybe 45 watts to write this blog, 985 watts to brew the coffee I’ve sipped while writing, plus the power used to light the lamp next to me.  So I consume energy and I understand the need to power up.  But what dims my inner light are questions as to why a nuclear power plant was ever built in a known active earthquake zone, and why safe and renewable energy resources remain the stepchildren of the energy business.

Now that “the devil” lives on a coastal bluff with active fault zones in kissing distance, the sudden need to better understand the potential for disaster, the acknowledged “take” of marine life—some endangered and others protected—and then the cost added to my electric bill, just added John Q Public to the take list.

 

Take Action:

Mail or FAX your concerns to the California Coastal Commission (before Sept 20th if possible but issue will be heard in Oceanside, Calif. October 10th) at:

Central Coast District Office
Dan Carl, Deputy Director
725 Front Street, Suite 300

Santa Cruz, CA 95060-4508
(831) 427-4863
FAX (831) 427-4877

California Fish and Game Commission will hold a public forum on this issue in Sacramento on September 24 at 10:00 am
1416 9th St
Sacramento, CA
California Fish and Game Website Calendar

Please email the Fish and Game Commission with your concerns at:
fgc@fgc.ca.gov attn: Sonke Mastrup

Contact Senator Sam Blakeslee and ask him to reconsider his bill because seismic testing is too destructive to proceed at: senator.blakeslee@senate.ca.gov
Senator Sam Blakeslee
4066 State Capitol
California 95814
Phone: (916) 651-4015 Fax: (916) 445-8081

Call Senator Barbara Boxer at: 202 224-3553

Contact Congresswoman Lois Capps at:
The Honorable Lois Capps
United States House of Representatives
2231 Rayburn House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515-0523
DC Phone: (202) 225-3601
FAX: (202) 225-5632



Categories: California Sea Lion Deaths, Condition of Oceans, Dolphins, Fisheries, Marine Mammal Rescue, nature, Seabirds, Seismic Testing, Thoughts

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